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Animal Tissue Handling for Proteomics and Metabolomics Services

In the realm of proteomic and metabolomic services, the meticulous handling of animal tissue samples is paramount. At Creative Proteomics, we recognize the unique demands of these services and have designed this in-depth guide to address them.

Step 1: Sample Selection

1.1 Species and Strain

  • Specifics: Select the animal species and strain that align with the requirements of your protein and metabolomics studies. Recognize the potential genetic variations within strains.
  • Tools: Access to specialized databases, collaborations with research partners and suppliers.
  • Considerations: Obtain ethical approvals and the necessary permits for animal studies, especially if specific strains are involved.

1.2 Age and Sex

  • Specifics: Determine the age and sex of the animals in accordance with the objectives of your protein and metabolomics research.
  • Tools: Detailed animal records, consultations with experienced personnel.
  • Considerations: Adhere to ethical guidelines and consider the need for sex-specific studies and ethical treatment of animals.

1.3 Health Status

  • Specifics: Choose animals with the desired health status, whether they are healthy, diseased, or treated. The health status of animals significantly impacts the characteristics of their tissues.
  • Tools: Veterinary records, health assessments.
  • Considerations: Emphasize ethical treatment and documentation, ensuring that animal welfare remains a top priority.

1.4 Sample Size

  • Specifics: Calculate the required sample size to ensure statistical power and support the experimental design in protein and metabolomics studies.
  • Tools: Statistical software and sample size calculators.
  • Considerations: Balance the need for an adequate sample size with ethical and economical considerations.

Step 2: Tissue Collection Techniques

2.1 Surgical Biopsy

  • Specifics: Suitable for collecting larger tissue samples from specific anatomical locations for protein and metabolomics services.
  • Tools: Surgical instruments, anesthesia equipment.
  • Procedure: Perform aseptic surgery, excise the tissue with precision, and handle it carefully to minimize contamination and trauma.
  • Considerations: Minimize distress to the animals, ensure appropriate postoperative care, and monitor their well-being.

2.2 Needle Biopsy

  • Specifics: Ideal for collecting small tissue samples with minimal invasiveness, specifically in the context of protein and metabolomics studies.
  • Tools: Fine needles, syringes, local anesthesia.
  • Procedure: Gently insert the needle into the tissue, extract the sample, and handle it with care to minimize tissue damage and animal discomfort.
  • Considerations: Prioritize minimizing tissue trauma and distress to the animals.

2.3 Post-Mortem Collection (Necropsy)

  • Specifics: Appropriate for pathological studies or post-mortem examination for protein and metabolomics services.
  • Tools: Autopsy tools, dissection instruments.
  • Procedure: Conduct a systematic collection of organs and tissues following humane animal euthanasia, ensuring careful documentation.
  • Considerations: Ethical treatment of animals and accurate documentation are of utmost importance.

Step 3: Preservation of Animal Tissue Samples

3.1 Cryopreservation

  • Specifics: Suitable for long-term storage and molecular studies in the context of protein and metabolomics services.
  • Tools: Cryogenic containers, liquid nitrogen, sample labeling equipment.
  • Procedure: Rapidly freeze tissues in liquid nitrogen, store them in cryovials, and maintain them at ultra-low temperatures.
  • Considerations: Prevent contamination during freezing and storage, employ meticulous labeling, and ensure a consistent supply of liquid nitrogen.

3.2 Formalin Fixation

  • Specifics: Ideal for histological analysis in protein and metabolomics services.
  • Tools: Formalin solution (10%), sealed containers.
  • Procedure: Immerse tissue samples in formalin to ensure complete coverage, paying attention to fixation time and accurate labeling.
  • Considerations: Handle samples safely due to formalin's toxicity.

3.3 Snap-Freezing

  • Specifics: Preserves cellular structures for molecular analyses, which are essential for protein and metabolomics studies.
  • Tools: Liquid nitrogen, dry ice, cryogenic containers, accurate sample labeling.
  • Procedure: Quickly immerse tissues in liquid nitrogen or dry ice, then store them in appropriately labeled cryovials.
  • Considerations: Prevent ice crystal formation, maintain precise labeling, and ensure secure storage.

3.4 RNAlater Solution

  • Specifics: Safeguards RNA from degradation, particularly valuable in the context of protein and metabolomics research.
  • Tools: RNAlater solution, sealed containers.
  • Procedure: Immerse tissues in RNAlater to stabilize RNA, ensuring complete coverage.
  • Considerations: Store samples at the recommended temperature, use secure containers, and maintain accurate labeling.
* For Research Use Only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures.
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