Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien


It is sure that the three scientists are very famous for awarding the Nobel Prize for "the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP". So the life and experience of the three persons are also attractive.


Here I will introduce them one by one for you.

Osamu Shimomura

In 1928, Osamu Shimomura was born in Fukuchiyama, Kyoto. His father was a officer in the Imperial Japanese Army, then they moved to another country. His life was full of ups and downs, so was his education. He enrolled in the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Nagasaki Medical College (now named Nagasaki University School of Pharmaceutical Sciences). However, because of the atomic bomb, the campus was destroyed. This might be the reason why he engaged in this career. In 1951, he obtained his BS degree. Then he became a chemist, who was mainly focusing on the organic chemist and marine biologist.

Martin Chalfie

Growing up in Chicago, Illionis, Martin Chalfie was the son of the guitarist Eli Chalfie. In 1965, he enrolled in Havard University. At the beginning of his college, he intended to major in math. However, for the interest in the math, biology and chemistry, he chose the biochemistry, which can meet all his interest. Once he became a seller working in his parents’ dress manufacturing business in Chicago, teaching in Hamden Hall Country Day School in Hamden, Connecticut. However, it is very difficult for him to give up his interest in biochemistry, he made his way to the scientist field. Then in 2008, he was awarded Nobel Prize through a phone call.

Roger Y. Tsien

As a descendant of King Qian Liu of the Wuyue Kingdom of ancient China, Roger Y. Tsien has many engineers’ family. He was born in New York, in 1952, growing up in Livingston, New Jersey and then enrolled Livingston High School. In his childhood, he suffered from asthma, which led him to be indoors. However, he spent his home time in doing experiments of chemistry. When he was 16, because of a project investigating how metals bind to thiocyanate, he was awarded the national Westinghouse talent search. In 1972, he graduated summa cum laude with Bachelor of Science in chemistry and physics. Then in 1977, he received his PhD in physiology. After that he became a biochemist and then he was awarded Nobel Prize in 2008.

The three scientists we mentioned above are sharing the Nobel Prize in 2008 for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP.

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