Summary In our precious posts, we introduce winners of the Nobel Prize in the last decade. And from now on, we will introduce winners in recent two years in the coming posts. So in this post, winners in 2014 will be introduced to you. Body There are three excellent scientists, who had been awarded for the Nobel Prize in 2014. They are Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner. They were awarded “for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy”. Eric Betzig
Summary The Nobel Prize in chemistry 2013 was jointly awarded to three distinguished scientists–Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel. Who are they and what are their research fields? Here you can have a clear look at their life. Body Now I will introduce them one by one. Martin Karplus As an American theoretical chemist, Martin Karplus is an austrian-born person. He is not only the Theodore William Richards Professor of Chemistry but also a Director of the Biophysical Chemistry Laboratory. In 1950, Karplus earned an AB degree in Harvard College. And then in 1953, under Nobel Laureate Linus Pauling, Karplus got his PhD. We can figure out that Karplus is the most brilliant student from the words of Linus Pauling. He also had taught in the University of Illinois and then Columbia University before he moved to Harvard in 1967. As for the research field, Karplus devoted himself to many fields in physical chemistry, such as, chemical dynamics, quantum chemistry and molecular dynamics simulations of biological macromolecules, which is the most notable one. His current research is concerned with the properties of molecules of biological interest. Karplus had also been awarded for many kinds of awards, as well as the Nobel Prize in 2013. Michael Levitt Michael Levitt was born in Pretoria, South Africa. His family is Jewish family from Plunge Lithuania. Between 1960 and 1962, he attended the Sunnyside Primary School and Pretoria Boys High School. In 1963, Levitt studied at the University of Pretoria. And then he got his Bachelor of science degree in Physics in King’s College London in 1967. As a PhD student, he studied at Computational Biology at Peterhouse, Cambridge. Levitt was one of the first researchers to conduct molecular dynamics simulations of DNA and proteins and he also developed the first software for this purpose. And now, he is well known for predicting macromolecular structures with the developing approaches. In 2013, he was awarded with the Nobel Prize “for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems”.